"How to Spot Fake News." International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions, World Library and Information Congress, 6 Mar. 2017, www.ifla.org/publications/node/11174. Infographic.
It can't be verified. Links or sources included do not lead to sources outside of the site's domain or do not relate to the topic of the article.
Appeals to emotion. Unreliable news plays on feelings to ensure you won't be skeptical of its contents.
No expert opinions or cited sources. Authors of articles aren't experts with credentials or journalists and expert are not consulted. You may not see an author's name at all.
It can't be found anywhere else. Look up the claim or idea in a known, reputable news source. If they're not reporting it, it's probably untrue.
Fake news comes from fake sites. Do you recognize the website address? If it looks weird or unfamiliar (like abcnews.com.co), it's probably unreliable or downright false.