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Database Help: Literature Online (LION)

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Literature Online is a reference resource for English and American literature. The database has scholarly journals, reference resources, and books. You will find literary criticism, reference resources on authors and their work, full-text poems and novels. This ProQuest database is also referred to as LION.

LION: Search tips

Search options 

Quick search is the default search and finds all the resources related to a particular author, literary work, or subject.

Limit your search by selecting

  • Criticism – scholarly articles, reviews, books, dissertations
  • Primary Texts – original literary works of poetry, drama and prose.
  • Author Pages  
  • Reference Works encyclopedias, companions, dictionaries, biographies, study guides

Browse Authors by Literary period, Literary movement, or Author name

What is ABELL?

ABELL = Annual Bibliography of English Language and Literature

A criticism search can be limited to ABELL. An ABELL limited search retrieves citations, abstracts, and full-text articles. Remember citations and abstracts cannot be used as sources in a paper.

The ABELL icon ABELL icon used in Literature Online identifies records from the Annual Bibliography of English Language and Literature.


Only "Full Text" or"Full Text-PDF" retrieve the complete article. No full-text link means no article.

LION: Permalink

The Document URL associated with a resource found in Literature Online is the permalink. This unique URL easily takes you back to your source again. You may need this URL for your source citation.

Where do I find the Document URL (permalink) in LION? The Document URL is included in the MLA citation and on the Abstracts / Detail page for the information source.

LION: Cite

Create your own citation ...

  • Where did you find it?  in the subscription database Literature Online
  • What is it?  the Details page identifies the source type

Use "Cite" option ...

  • Change the citation style, if necessary. MLA 8 is the default citation style that appears in the pop-up window.
  • Copy and paste the citation.
  • Review citation formatting. Edit to fit the citation style you are using. Citations may not be 100% correct.

LION: Help

Use the guide on Literature Online (LION) for more details about features and the ProQuest search platform.

Need an article?

Did you find an article in your search that does not have a full-text link?

Perhaps the article is available in another library database. Ask a librarian for recommendations. Or use the "Journal A-Z Title List" available in Pioneer Search to find a database.

Not available in another database?

Request it through interlibrary loan.

This page offers easy access to the database Literature Online (LION) and provides a few tips about using this database effectively. It is not intended to be a comprehensive guide to the database; it simply assists Vol State users with common questions.